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Common Birth Control Shot Linked to Risk of HIV Infection

Transitioning away from a popular contraceptive shot known as DMPA could help protect women in Sub-Saharan Africa and other high-risk regions from becoming infected with HIV, according to a research review published in Endocrine Reviews. The predominant contraceptive in Sub-Saharan Africa is depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA)—a birth control shot administered every three months. Human studies suggest...
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Low Incidence of End-Stage Renal Disease in Childhood-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Followed for Up to 42 Years

Researchers in Norway have found very little incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among those with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes who were followed for up to 42 years, according to a study recently published in Diabetes Care. Researchers led by Torild Skrivarhaug, PhD, of Oslo University Hospital, evaluated patient data for a follow-up period of...
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Underactive Thyroid Within Normal Range May Affect Woman’s Ability to Conceive

Study suggests even mild thyroid dysfunction may contribute to unexplained infertility New research suggests that a slightly underactive thyroid may affect a women’s ability to become pregnant—even when the gland is functioning at the low end of the normal range, according to a study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The study...