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HIV-1 Establishes “Sanctuary Site” In the Testis by Disrupting Blood-Testis Barrier Function

HIV-1, the most common type of human immunodeficiency virus, invades the testis and is able to avoid combination antiretroviral (cART) drugs by permeating the blood-testis barrier (BTB) and perturbing BTB function, potentially through the Tat protein, according to a study recently published in Endocrinology. Researchers led by C. Yan Cheng, PhD, senior scientist at The...
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People with Brown Fat May Burn 15 Percent More Calories

New data highlights how cold exposure activates brown fat, energy metabolism Short-term cold exposure may help people with brown fat burn 15 percent more calories than those without, according to a small study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Unlike white fat, brown fat burns calories through fatty acid oxidation and heat production and is considered a promising target in the fight against the obesity epidemic. The biggest activator of brown fat is moderate cold exposure. “This data improves our understanding of how brown fat works...
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Age Not a Barrier to Benefits of Weight-Loss Surgery, Study Shows

While weight-loss surgeries are not usually performed in people above the age of 65, a new study shows that these procedures can lead to successful weight loss and better diabetes control in older adults. The study, presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton, UK, indicates that elderly patients treated with bariatric surgery...