Women May Experience Different PCOS Symptoms Depending on Where They Live

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Alabama may be more likely to have excessive hair growth and insulin resistance, whereas women with PCOS in California may be more likely to have higher testosterone levels, according to new research published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

PCOS affects 7–10% of women of childbearing age and is the most common cause of infertility. In the United States, an estimated 5 to 6 million women have PCOS, but the disorder is still underdiagnosed. Women are diagnosed with PCOS if they have two of the following criteria: androgen excess (excess male sex hormones such as testosterone), ovulatory dysfunction and polycystic ovaries.

“Our study found geographical differences in PCOS in Black and white women, suggesting there are both genetic and environmental influences on how this disease manifests,” says Margareta D. Pisarska, MD, of Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles, Calif. “Ongoing research is needed to identify modifiable risk factors for PCOS that may be race and ethnicity-specific to bring precision medicine to the management of this disease.”

The researchers compared data from 1,610 Black and white women with PCOS in Alabama and California. They found regional differences in the way these women met criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS and in symptoms associated with PCOS, with some variations among Black and white women.

Overall, there were many similarities among the races. Women with PCOS in Alabama were more likely to have excessive hair growth and insulin resistance, whereas women with PCOS in California were more likely to have higher levels of testosterone.

When comparing Black women with PCOS in Alabama and California, the average body mass index (BMI) did not differ between the locations, whereas in white women with PCOS, the average BMI was higher in Alabama than California.

“Since we have now identified that there are geo-epidemiologic differences, we intend to do follow up studies comparing Black and white women with PCOS, controlling for geo-epidemiologic differences,” Pisarska says. “Furthermore, we are trying to look at factors that are contributing to these differences in order to tailor treatments based on specific needs for improvements in care for all women with PCOS.”

Other authors of this study include Katherine VanHise, Jessica L. Chan, Sahar Wertheimer, Roy G. Handelsman, Ekaterina Clark, Rae Buttle and Erica T. Wang of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center; and Ricardo Azziz of the University of Alabama at Birmingham in Birmingham, Ala. and the University of Albany, SUNY, in Albany, N.Y.

The study received funding from the National Institutes of Health and Helping Hand of Los Angeles, Inc.

The manuscript, “Regional Variation in Hormonal and Metabolic Parameters of White and Black PCOS Women in the United States,” was published online, ahead of print.


You may also like

  • Study Shows Virtual Reality Use Improves Sperm Quality

    Cryos International Sperm and Egg Bank recently announced a published scientific study which suggests that the use of Virtual Reality (VR) headsets during sperm donation has a positive effect on sperm quality. The study can be viewed in Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology. During the summer of 2021 Cryos International introduced VR headsets in the donor…

  • Excessive Smartphone Screen Time Linked to Earlier Puberty Onset

    Exposure to blue light through regular use of tablets and smartphones may alter hormone levels and increase the risk of earlier puberty, according to data from a rat study presented last month at the 60th Annual European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Meeting in Rome. Longer duration of blue light exposure was associated with earlier puberty…

Find more in